Fun Facts about Eiffel Tower

As we all know, Eiffel Tower is famous for its height and it ever was the highest tower all around the world. Nevertheless, whether you know the other side of it? Today I’ll introduce some parts that you ever heard about.

Eiffel tower

Introduction

Eiffel Tower is one of the landmark in Paris, and stands on the south bank of the Seine, Champ de Mars. It is called as La Tour Eiffel in French and in English is the Eiffel Tower.  The Iron Tower has been a symbol of France since it was built in 1889. The 324M building, connected by 12,000 metal components, shares more than 9,000 tons of steel. The French love romance, and  instead of calling the behemoth “the Great Hero” or “the great husband” , they affectionately refer to it as the “Iron Lady”. The Eiffel Tower, Tokyo Tower together with The Empire State Building are called the “ Three Famous Building of the West.”

Now I will introduce 17 facts that you didn’t know about Eiffel Tower, you can check whether you know, as follows:

  1. The Eiffel Tower is one of the most well-known architectural landmarks of Paris.
  2. It was constructed in 1889, to memorize the centennial of the French Revolution and to show off France’s industrial power to the world.
  3. The Eiffel Tower was named after Gustave Eiffel, the French engineer who construct the Eiffel Tower.
  4. It was well-known from inside and outside the country as La Tour Eiffel and it also has a nickname as La Dame de Fer which means ‘ The iron Lady’.
  5. It measures 1050 feet in height and it is the highest man-made architecture in the world before defeated by the Chrysler Building in New York.
  6. It is made of iron and weighs about 100 million tonnes.
  7. It is painted for almost every 7 years in order to prevent from rust.
  8. It almost spent about 50 tonnes of paint to paint the entire tower.
  9. It is painted in three shades of brown, brightest at the top and darkest at the bottom.
  10. If we want to clean the Eiffel Tower, it needs more than 4 tons of dusters and cleaning cloths. 400 liters of detergents and 25,000 bin bags are also needed to clean.
  11. The heat of sun causes the tower to grow about 6 inches.
  12. There are over 5 billion lights on the Eiffel Tower.
  13. There are 108 floors, 1710 steps in total of the Eiffel Tower. However, tourist can only climb stairs to the first platform.
  14. There are two huge elevators can take tourists to the upper platforms. These elevators cover a distance of about 103 thousand km every year. And it is almost 2.5 times the circumference of the entire Earth.
  15. The tower also has two restaurants, a banquet, a champagne, several buffets and a number of unique gift shops.
  16. It is open for tourists and visitors for 365 days a year.
  17. was constructed for 20 years and sold as scrap. But as time goes by, the people of the city gradually fell in love with it so that it remains to exist and now it has been the landmark of Paris.

Eiffel tower

What we concern about most is about Eiffel Tower tickets and tourists season. By using the elevator to get to the fist floor, adults and children over 12 will cost 4.3 Euros per person. Under 12 and over 3 years old, you will cost 2.4 Euros per person. Similarly, to get the to second floor,  adults and children over 12 will cost 7.7 Euros per person. Under 12 and over 3 years old, you will cost 2.2 Euros per person. To the top, the former will cost 11 Euros, the latter will cost 6 Euros. If you choose to climb stairs to the first and second floor, over 25 years old will 3.8 Euros per person, and 3 Euros per person for adults under 25. What’s more, all tickets are free for children under 3 years old.

There are almost 6,980,000 visitors to the Eiffel Tower in 2011. What’s more, over 27 million people went to the Eiffel Tower in total in 2010. It can generate 1.5 billion Euros in tourism revenue for Paris each year.

And then is the tourist season. The peak tourist reason is from June to September, and it need to queue for 2 to 3 hours. If you want to avoid the peak tourist season, you can choose another period. I believe it will give a better enjoyment.

However, unfortunately, according to the French media, the Eiffel Tower will be closed indefinitely, due to the security strike, and will temporarily prevent visitors from reaching the Eiffel Tower.

 

Safety Measures to take note when handling steel and pipework

We all know that steel pipe is a very important tool to establish the buildings, bridges and other pipeworks. But it is also dangerous. So there provides some safety tips for steel and pipe work.

Before we acknowledge the safety tips of the steel and pipeworks, we should acquaint with the various kinds of them. Because there is different ways to handling, storage, and transporting with different forms of the steel pipe. The types of the steel pipe include the flat plate, coil, round and squared bars, beams, pipes, and many other shapes. We need some specific tools to deal with the steel pates and bars, such as chains, clamps, and hooks. We need ensure the property of storing those fittings, attachments, and implements which used for handling steel plates and bars for our safety. We also can’t slip and fall the equipment. The following will introduce some methods of protecting the employees when they construct or repair the buildings, bridges or other structures where steel erection occurs.

The employees who use those dangerous equipment need have the basic ability required. If necessary, they should get corresponding certificate and gain enough safety knowledge.

  1. When the employees handling the steel pipe, they need wear the safety equipment, such as hard hats, steel toed boots and gloves.
  2. The equipment, such as cranes, forklifts, or hoists, which used to handle the steel pipe must be inspection qualified. The limitation and the load chart should be shown clearly in the surface.
  3. The lifting attachment must be load rated sufficient for the job.
  4. only one piece of steel can be lifted by the plate or dog clamps at one time.
  5. The chain would fail to work and cause the load to fall when it was installed improperly or using over its road rating.
  6. The road rating of the web slings should be ensure within its scope. And it can’t be contacted with the sharp edges.
  7. In order to prevent the road swinging on the floor or ground, the crane or hoist should be positioned directly over the load.
  8. Storing and transporting the steel pipe must be very careful, cause of there is some risks. If we don’t make any limits or fixation, the steel material may roll, slip, slid, or fall over. If the system of the storing space is not designed properly, the shelves or racking may breakdown. So, a professional designed inter-space is necessary for the steel material storage.
  9. In order to prevent the collapse, we must cross braced the racking or shelving systems.

Additional considerations

  1. We should install the bollard posts in order to prevent the storage systems is been damaged by the forklifts or equipment.
  2. In the prominent locations of the system, the safe load capacity of storage systems should be clearly displayed.
  3. The weight of every kind of the steel pipes must be clearly knowledgeable by the employees.
  4. In order to promote the use of plate clamps, we should offset the steel plate stored on end or upright.
  5. If the round bar, pipe and steel coil are inclined or stopped, they should be stored in racks. If not, the material would rolling off.
  6. The storing of the large steel pipe is particularly. It should be stored lying flat and chocked, or secured in cradle in cradle racks. And we should use pipe cradles to transport these pipes.
  7. We must handle and store the coil steel properly. Because it is very dangerous and we would easy be injured by it. The coil steel is divided into different forms by the size and weight. Some may weight up to 15 tons. If the coil steel is uncoiled without restraint, it would be hazardous.
  8. Smaller coils should be put on the top, because the weight of the larger one would push apart it, then produce danger.
  9. Both the large diameter steel pipe and the coil steel should be transported in cradles.

Closing the gaps

  1. Steel is usually transported by the flatbed trucks and semi trailers. But what we should remarkable is that headboards should be provided in the trucks. It can protect the driver from the load moving forward. In addition, a trail board is also necessary. It can protect other drivers from loose material.
  2. In order to prevent the lateral movement of the load, the stanchion pins that suitable to the load should be placed in the rail post pockets.
  3. A special lane should be provided for the transportation of the steel pipe. As for the inside of the trucks, there should install a grab bucket between the cab and the headboard so that it can provide a safe vantage point for loading and unloading the operations directly. In order to ensure the safety of the load, drivers should check the load hourly.
  4. The rated load of the chains which used to fix the load and tied the steel pipe for transportation should be operated properly.
  5. Don’t park the trucks in an uneven ground to unload the cargo. If the destination is not suitable to unload the steel materials, the drive should inform the superiors to find another suitable place to load the steel pipes safely.
  6. The stanchion pins should be left in place and the binders should be loosen slowly while unloading the steels, especially the pipes and coil. Besides, it should be unloaded one by one. And it can’t be loosen completely until all the chains are loosing and there is no indication show that the load has transferred. Also, in order to prevent load shift hazard, the steel material should be re-tighten between the shifts while unloading.

Under any circumstances, when handling the steel, we should always be very carefully and slowly. With their different weight and the destructive capability, we should handle it in different methods. We should also notice that don’t neglect the safety to speed up the handling process. Remember forever that the safety is always the first priority.